Naming and its Location

Naming and its LocationThe term Ethiopia is of Greek origin and in classical times was used as a Generic designation for the African land mass to the south of Egypt. To the outside world it has long been known by the name of Abyssinia a name derived from “Habashat” one of the tribes that inhabited the Ethiopian region.

The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia is a landlocked country situated in the Horn of Africa. Ethiopia is bordered by Eritrea to the north, Sudan to the west, Kenya to the south, Somalia to the east and Djibouti to the northeast. Its size is 1,100,000 km² with an estimated population of over 85 million people. This gives Ethiopia the second highest population of any country in Africa surpassing Egypt, and exceeded only by Nigeria. Its main economic activity is agriculture. Addis Ababa is the third highest capital in the world after Lapaz and Quito. The national flag consists of the so-called pan-African colors: vertical bands of green at the top, yellow in the center, and red at the base. In the middle of this is a symbol representing the sun- yellow pentagrams from which emanate several yellow rays. Amharic is the official language of the country. It has its own calendar Julian calendar is still in use when the rest of the Christian world adopted Gregorian calendar in 1582).